EBOOK ô EPUB Affairs of Honor National Politics in the New Republic è 9780300097559 FREE Î HANNAHREDHEAD

Joanne B. Freeman × Affairs of Honor National Politics in the New Republic EBOOK

EBOOK ô EPUB Affairs of Honor National Politics in the New Republic è 9780300097559 FREE Î HANNAHREDHEAD ☆ In this extraordinary book Joanne Freeman offers a major reassessment of political culture in the early years of the American republic By exploring IcBy illuminating this culture of honor Freeman offers new understandings of some of the most perplexing events of early American history including the notorious duel between Burr and Hamilton A major reconsideration of early American politics Affairs of Honor offers a profoundly human look at the anxieties and political realities of leaders struggling to define themselves and their role in the new nation What Freeman offers in Affairs of Honor is a comprehensive study of the personal culture of America's earliest years as a nation This text is unlike anything we've ever seen before largely digging into personal diaries from American colonial times showing a new perspective that goes beyond the 'show' and the 'facade' When we study history it's easy to fall into that very mindset wherein we forget that the people we are studying were real human beings with families friends and children Because of the lack of personal primary sources of such time periods this area of history is often overlooked; but nevertheless Freeman offers a remarkable well researched book that is a must read for any historian of early American history This book will open your eyes to the love hate and betrayal that went on in American politics behind the scenes during her greatest yearsBrent M McCulley 101713

TEXT Õ Affairs of Honor National Politics in the New Republic × Joanne B. Freeman

In this extraordinary book Joanne Freeman offers a major reassessment of political culture in the early years of the American republic By exploring both the public actions and private papers of key figures such as Thomas Jefferson Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton Freeman reveals an alien and profoundly unstable political world grounded on the code of honor In the absence of a party system and with few ex In Affairs of Honor Yale University historian Joanne B Freeman argues that the 1790s not only brought the dawn of a new nation but also an entirely new culture of national politics To Freeman politics did not become personal with the rights revolution of the 1960s but instead had been apparent in political debates gossip and dueling since the incipient days of the new republic Her argument stands against the often accepted assumption that politics in the new republic were well defined and somehow naturally became structured around two parties the Federalists and Republicans To be sure these parties came to have great influence on a democracy that remained decidedly bi partisan yet it was not ideology which led personalities to endorse political sides but in fact the other way around Put simply men like Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson did not fall into any party line but instead literally embodied what these political factions stood for These men politically lived and in the case of Hamilton literally died by the complexities of 1790s political culture According to Freeman in the early days of the republic honor was everything Freeman backs her arguments for the primacy of personal reputation not just convincingly but also in an entertaining fashion She walks this fine line between academic prose and captivating description by focusing on individuals of the era Many of the before mentioned founding fathers are here Freeman also wisely includes lesser known politicians By using less successful politicians such as Senator William Maclay and the Federalist William Plummer she constructs counterpoints with which to compare the politically savvy from the politically inept Her methodology garners its own section in the back of the book and in this section Freeman lucidly explains the importance of stepping away from the cultural norms of today to understand practices of the past that might seem foreign or even barbaric to the modern interpreter Her prime example is dueling a practice which had its own complex set of rules and guidelines and for this reason they garner a central theme of her examination Freeman is convincing in illustrating how the personal became political in the 1790s Using a multitude of examples although none with greater effect than the American political pariah Aaron Burr she shows how being perceived as an honorable gentleman rose above all other political considerations For America’s incipient political leaders personal reputation could make compromises and pass agendas On the other hand those unfortunate or short sighted enough to affiliate with men who did not meet the haughty reuirements of enlightenment era high social standing might risk their own reputations Affairs of Honor falls short in a number of its examinations but not necessarily in a bad way Freeman chose to focus on political cultural and in this task she has done a remarkable job Where her analysis falls short it does so tantalizingly leaving the reader to ponder other aspects of this era For example gossip comes to play a key role in her examination; the hushed whispers of our earliest political leaders kept accusations out of newspapers and pamphlets a necessity that often sidestepped the risk of retribution via a duel Yet many readers may wonder if such behind the scenes machinations might be a left over remnant from the paradigm of the aristocracy; after all one cannot bad mouth the King to his face Because the founding fathers were still finding their way politically perhaps they could only build upon the practices of royalty and if so this irony of the first democratic system seems to obvious to be left unexa

TEXT Affairs of Honor National Politics in the New Republic

Affairs of Honor National Politics in the New RepublicAmples to guide America’s experiment in republican governance the rituals and rhetoric of honor provided ground rules for political combat Gossip print warfare and dueling were tools used to jostle for status and form alliances in an otherwise unstructured political realm These political weapons were all deployed in the tumultuous presidential election of 1800 an event that nearly toppled the new republ Joanne Freeman Dueling as Politics Reinterpreting the Burr Hamilton Duel WM 532 Apr 1996 289 318Early working out of ideas to be presented in the bookFreeman begins the article by stating the problem why in short did Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr go to the dueling grounds in Weehawken NJ on July 11 1804? To answer that uestion she needs to put the practice of dueling into cultural context Fortunately the duelists wrote a great deal about the practice In the case of Hamilton and Burr Hamilton's 4 page letter of justification to posterity written on the night before the duel was particularly revealing He was highly conflicted over the coming duel but felt compelled to defend his honor on the dueling field Arguing in his letter that he exhausted all options to avoid the duel and he had decided not to fire at Burr Understanding why this was the case why he made that decision provides up a window into the values of the political leadership of the Early National Period What men of the world denominate honorHonor was a value for which Hamilton was willing to risk sacrificing his life Dueling to protect one's honor was a nationally significant political activity as it provided the last check in the political system of checks and balances In a system without political parties where faction was decried as corrupt every issue was a personal one To be a leader you needed to prove yourself honorable The conduct of the honorable leader was governed by an intricate set of rulesIf our Interview is conducted in the usual mannerFreeman situates the language of dueling within the broader field of the language of political combat of the era Recounting the stories of James Monroe's uarrel with John Adams she notes that Monroe considered challenging Adams to a duel but decided not to because Adams was old and the President The correspondence in which Monroe revealed this to Madison was part of the ritual correspondence surrounding an affair of honor When men felt their honor and personal reputation slighted they began the process of brinksmanship that often though not always lead to the dueling grounds The objective was not to kill your opponent but rather to show yourself worthy of leadershipPolitical opposition which has proceeded from pure and upright motivesAs Alan Taylor showed in The Art of Hook and Snivey the hierarchical political networks of the Early National Period were the means of exercising influence and affairs of honor were no different Not only did the duelists have seconds who aided and abetted the process but the whole ritual of the affair of honor was facilitated by the friends of the principal parties The cause of the affair was the individual around whom the lesser lights rallied These bands of followers formed a fighting band not unlike the interests which Taylor describes The affair of honor was often the result of a loosing politician trying to regain his honor after being defeated in an election They were in fact ways in which political battles were fought Appealing to public opinion the objective of the affair was to show that your cause was upright and that of your opponent was corrupt More than aristocrats fighting for a position at court the American duelist was also a republican pursuing the public goodI shall hazard much and can possibly gain nothingBurr and Hamilton came to the dueling ground through the course of an affair of honor that could have taken many different turns It began six weeks after Burr had lost the NY governor's race Anxious to remain a viable leader he seized upon a reported slight of his character reported by a third party An exchange ensued in which Burr demanded a humili