FREE EBOOK ã EPUB Eastern Approaches ä 9780140132717 ↠ FITZROY MACLEAN

BOOK Eastern Approaches

FREE EBOOK ã EPUB Eastern Approaches ä 9780140132717 ↠ FITZROY MACLEAN ↠ This is the classic true adventure story of a man who by the pen the sword and the diplomatic pouch influenced some of the most significant events of our era Here Fitzroy Maclean recounts his extraordinary adventurMonths of the German occupation of Yugoslavia An enthralling narrative brilliantly told Eastern Approaches is also a vivid personal view of episodes that have already become part of history I was turned on to Eastern Approaches while reading about the Soviet purges of 1937 1938 MacLean was a young British diplomat who reuested transfer from Embassy Paris to the embassy in Moscow; while there he attended each day of the Bukharin show trial which receives detailed description and analysis in the book MacLean also used his leave time to strike out on unofficial NKVD dodging trips through the Caucuses and Central Asia with Samarkand and Bokhara as chief destinations for his journeysOnce WWII broke out MacLean got out of the foreign service by running for and winning a seat as MP He then went into the ranks and climbed uickly to Brigadier ?? engaging in action on the North African front much of it clandestine After an interesting kidnapping mission in Iran MacLean was handed the military cum diplomatic mission to Tito and the Partisans then scrambling through the wilds of Bosnia ahead of Nazi troops and local collaboratorsThe book was entirely worth the read if only for the slightly self conscious but hugely entertaining voice of MacLean There is a certain boyish enthusiasm in his prose where even long and desperate marches with guerilla forces or terrifying drives through endless desert without water take on the flavor of a Boy Scout adventure His political analysis also shines through as measured pragmatic and with an eye to the unexpected opportunityIt was disappointing to see a mind sharp as MacLean's descend into trite stereotypes and occasionally virulently racist depictions as seen in an encounter with an Italian Somali soldier in Benghazi His laziness in attributing behavior to the inherent nature of the Russian race muddied up otherwise clear eyed observation of ordinary Soviet people's way of coping with extraordinary oppression For the most part however for a man of his background and class he clearly had an ability to relate to people on their own terms and plunge into new environments and relationships with enthusiasm His extraordinary linguistic skills left me sighing in envy as well dropped behind enemy lines and he still takes to Serbo Croatian like a duck to waterThere was an interesting silence in his chapters on his time in Bosnia Serbia and Croatia he writes very little on atrocities committed against civilian populations and the little he does write is sanitized for example the story of the unfortunate child Ginger Given the ferocity of the Ustashe regime's commitment to final solution style ethnic cleansing it was strange to find MacLean's narrative largely devoid of information on the subject at least until the end and the capture of Belgrade At the close of his narrative he casually mentions a conversation with a Red Army soldier on the Soviet man's plan to execute captured German and collaborationist soldiers a conversation later confirmed by piles of soldiers shot execution style I cannot begin to guess what such narrative silences indicate lack of knowledge at the British mission to the Partisans on the full extent of the situation? Hesitancy or inability to write about the carnage? Certainly the grim reality of life for many in the former kingdom of Yugoslavia would have been an awkward fit with MacLean's witty breezy detached narrationThe cameos of places I have visited such as the large fresh water stone cistern in Siwa Egypt where I spent an afternoon tossing lemons back and forth with local kids while splashing around were arresting in how little had changed The depiction of places still unknown to me were tempting do I have time to learn Russian?Despite his repeated disparagement of the slow and grinding inevitability of a diplomatic career MacLean clearly always retained the framework and approach of a Foreign Office type Despite his relish in knocking out tactical victories one after the other it was in his strategic vision and his rather amusing access to people no less than Churchill that clearly left its mark on the course of the war in the Balkans Still MacLean's love of action for the sake of adventure was clearly a defining personality trait apparently he and his wife were driving relief supplies into the former Yugoslavia in a pause in the Balkan wars of the 90s despite being in their 70s at the timeWell worth the readOn the evening of March 12th Bukharin rose to speak for the last time Once by sheer force of personality and intellect he compelled attention Staring up at him row upon row smug self satisfied and hostile sat the new generation of Communists revolutionaries no longer in the old sense but worshippers of the established order deeply suspicious of dangerous thoughts Watching him standing there frail and defiant one had the feeling that here facing destruction was the last survivor of a vanished race of the men who had made the Revolution who had fought and toiled all their lives for an ideal and who now rather than betray it were letting themselves be crushed by their own creationIn the General's bedroom I found a collection of automatic weapons of German manufacture a good deal of silk underwear some opium an illustrated register of the prostitutes of Isfahan and a large number of letters and papers which I took back with me to the ConsulateMr Churchill's reply left me in no doubt as to the answer to my problem So long he said as the whole of Western civilization was threatened by the Nazi menace we could not afford to let our attention be diverted from the immediate issue by considerations of long term policy We were as loyal to our Soviet Allies as we hoped they were to us My task was simply to find out who was killing the most Germans and suggest means by which we could help them to kill Politics must be a secondary considerationEntering the cave in a small boat we all stripped and bathed our bodies glistening bluish and ghastly Almost everyone there was a Cabinet Minister in one or other of the two Jugoslav Governments and there was much shouting and laughter as one blue and phosphorescent Excellency cannoned into another bobbing about in that caerulean twilight Then we emerged once into the sunlight and sea breezes and lunched off of lobsters and white wine It was choppy going home and several of the party were sick

KINDLE Ì Eastern Approaches á Fitzroy Maclean

S extraordinary adventures in Soviet Central Asia in the Western Desert where he specialized in hair raising commando style raids behind enemy lines and with Tito's partisans during the last Edit 291216 Best Military Biography read of 2016 This really is an epic book Split into three parts it covers the early career of Fitzroy MacLeanSpoilers below so read it yourself first it you don't know about this book alreadyThe first part tells of his 1937 38 diplomatic posting in Moscow where he volunteered to be sent after learning his trade in Paris the three years prior As well as covering the great purge trials where much of the communist leadership was executed he tells of his unauthorised journeys into Soviet Central Asia Uzbekistan Azerbaijan Georgia Kyrgyzstan Afghanistan and Turkmenistan over several journeys evading and somewhat mocking the NKVD's undercover officers who tailed him as best they couldA mixture of brazenly pretending he had every right to be there and the extracting of the goodwill of some unusual characters meant MacLean got a lot further afield than any others would have in his place The ambitions of youth when posted to Moscow he was only twenty six years oldOh his return to London MacLean was very keen to join the war but the Foreign Office refused to release him Finding an obscure ruling that if elected as an MP a foreign office man must resign he had himself adopted as a Conservative candidate at the 1941 by election in LancasterThe second part of the book tells of MacLeans exploits in the Middle East Immediately on leaving the foreign office he enlisted as a private in the Cameron Highlanders He passed his basic training and was commissioned as a lieutenant and seconded to a new elite commando unit being trained in Cairo The project was soon shelved so Maclean accepted an invitation from David Stirling to join the newly formed Special Air ServiceNumerous SAS tasks were undertaken the SAS being a newly formed group they operated below the radar and as such were unorthodox in their approach His work included multiple undercover entries into Benghazi and the arrest extraction of a theoretically allied Iranian General from his Isfahan palace Libya Egypt Iran and Ira were the setting for his SAS worksSo on to the third part of the book YugoslaviaIt was at this point of his career that he was picked to play a crucial role in Yugoslavia where the British were concerned at a lack of progress being made by the Cetniks who they had been providing with weapons and euipment The British has begun to suspect that they backed the wrong guerilla army and MacLean was sent in to evaluate the partisans led by the shadowy figure known as Tito MacLeans task simply to find out who was killing the most Germans and suggest means by which we could help them to kill MacLean earned the trust of Tito and formed a friendship of sorts and soon was able to confirm that indeed the Cetniks were concentrating their efforts not on the Nazi's but on the partisans and in many locations were coordinating and cooperating with the Nazis The partisans however were desperate to engage the Nazis in a meaningful way having for the previous two years to rely on taking weapons and euipment from their enemy A part of the intrigue was that Tito and the partisans were communist so there was a concern that making them too strong would lead to a communist Yugoslavia in the future Churchill disregarded this Mr Churchill's reply left me in no doubt as to the answer to my problem So long he said as the whole of Western civilization was threatened by the Nazi menace we could not afford to let our attention be diverted from the immediate issue by considerations of long term policy We were as loyal to our Soviet Allies as we hoped they were to us My task was simply to find out who was killing the most Germans and suggest means by which we could help them to kill Politics must be a secondary considerationSoon the British stopped all support to the Cetniks and immediately provided weapons and euipment to the partisans Eventuallyas circumstances allowed this was followed by air support and eventually troops on the ground The Germans struggling with the guerilla tactics were suffering losses and continued to commit troops to Yugoslavia the main benefit for the Allies better results on the other frontsAs it became clear that the Nazis were losing and that Yugoslavia would soon reuire new rulers MacLean's diplomatic background again become useful where he tried to assist Tito to enter negotiations with the King who was domiciled in London as to forming a government Tito holding all the cards eventually forced terms he was happy with and which were signed off by the British and the RussiansThis is MacLeans first book and for me is well balanced He does not come across as an egomaniac he doesn't hunt glory but he writes very well It is a well paced book of just over 400 pages and is very readable It is a clever book the first part is pure travel the relatively unknown areas of Soviet Central Asia; there is the military history; and the pure biography of the man It crosses the three genres comfortably and well A really enjoyable read Five stars from me no doubt about it

Fitzroy Maclean á Eastern Approaches MOBI

Eastern ApproachesThis is the classic true adventure story of a man who by the pen the sword and the diplomatic pouch influenced some of the most significant events of our era Here Fitzroy Maclean recounts hi In the UK there is a long running radio show called Desert Island Discs which features notable people talking about their lives It wasn't exactly the type of thing I listened to as a young man and the first time I heard the show properly was as a passenger on a long car journey in 1981 The guest was Sir Fitzroy Maclean who spoke about his extraordinary life and mentioned his book Eastern Approaches At the time I made a mental note to read the book and if I had realised how good this was I would not have waited 34 years to do soThe book is a memoir covering the years 1937 to 1945 During the pre war period Maclean was a diplomat in Moscow which he followed with active service in North Africa Persia and most famously with Tito's partisans in Yugoslavia Throughout this account he proves himself a perceptive resourceful witty and above all a fair minded person He also possessed a Protean adaptability and an almost unbelievable level of sangfroid One scene where he is challenged by Italian sentries whilst on a sabotage mission will leave you shaking your head at the sheer audacity of the man Another in which Maclean has a telephone conversation with Churchill who uses code words that Maclean not been told about had me rocking with laughter In a sombre section the author's time in the USSR coincided with the great Stalinist purge of 1937 38 He attended the show trial of Nicolai Bukharin which he describes as leaving a horrifying impression on him but in the introduction explains how 50 years later he was able to dine with Bukharin's widow With the Yugoslav partisans he observes how the idea of communism exercised a great power over the individual leading the partisans to count as nothing either their own lives or the lives of others This concept seems to me to have great relevance to the Islamist extremists of todayDespite Maclean's own opposition to communism his lifelong friendship with Tito as well as other political opponents revealed him as one of those increasingly rare individuals capable of making a fair assessment of another person irrespective of whether he disagreed with them politically The world would be a better place if we had people like Fitzroy Maclean