Aphorismen zur Lebensweisheit Summary ☆ 104

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Aphorismen zur LebensweisheitOn ethics politics women and many other themes is taken from Schopenhauer's last work Parerga and Paralipomena which he published in 1851 He depicts humanity as locked in a struggle beyond good and evil each individual absolutely free w. I'm sorry I didn't read this two years ago when I thought pessimism was something reserved for those exiled from the general population's way of thinking Considering it was written in the mid 19th century everything in this book is highly accessible written fairly simply with only a few technicalities in between And if it's the pessimism you want then the opening essays are what you're after They're drenched in reasons why we as a species are an error in creation too highly adapted to deal with the demands we place on ourselves and so are destined for dissatisfaction He's not without his failings his view of women is not just absurd it's just plain wrong Having said that the man deserves extreme respect for believing totally in what he says Everything is drilled so forcefully that you can hardly do anything but nod agreement at times regardless of whether the truth is a melancholy one And it's not just that his tone is convincing he actually has plenty to say on plenty of topics The sections on ethics philosophy and the intellect and on thinking for yourself are fairly impressive He places before you feelings most would probably never pay much attention to that we fail to notice our good health but reversely are frustrated by the smallest of pains in a toe or finger which all highlights that we're doomed for discontent because we fail to acknowledge our benefits and so will keep striving for and ultimately unhappy This book isn't for those that are happy enough to drift through a delusional life of optimism something I don't think is such a bad thing even from a pessimist's point of view If someone is fortunate enough to not be struck by the truths of this book then I would say leave them be However once gained they're almost impossible to shrug off You see this fact most evident in those people who suffer chronic depression and who are forever bleak even if they themselves aren't completely aware of it But if you're helplessly susceptible to insight and clever thinking then you can hardly ignore reading this book It's seminal

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Aphorismen zur Lebensweisheit Summary ☆ 104 ☆ One of the greatest philosophers of the nineteenth century Schopenhauer believed that human action is determined not by reason but by 'will' the blind and irrational desire for physical existence This selection of his writings on religion ethics politics women and many other themes is takeIthin a Godless world in which art morality and self awareness are our only salvation This innovative and pessimistic view proved powerfully influential upon philosophy and art affecting the work of Nietzsche and Wittgenstein among othe. A precondition for reading good books is not reading bad ones for life is short It appears to be a strange time to be alive I found the aphorisms especially to be a delight The misogyny in the middle kept this collection from being five stars Nietzsche's debt to Schopenhauer can't be overstated The ideas on morality and on religion are invaluable I noted midway through this volume how much I enjoyed the dismissal of opera especially after suffering through Auden's praise thereof

Arthur Schopenhauer ¶ 4 Summary

One of the greatest philosophers of the nineteenth century Schopenhauer believed that human action is determined not by reason but by 'will' the blind and irrational desire for physical existence This selection of his writings on religi. Each individual misfortune to be sure seems an exceptional occurrence; but misfortune in general is the ruleArthur Schopenhauer On the Suffering of the WorldWe are here to shatter your warm and fuzzy world inhabited by unicorns and puppies that eat cupcakes every time it rains You may have the feeling of never leaving that world And that's a valid choice we all have our particular ways of dealing with our existence If you do avoid Schopenhauer's work If you feel you can take it proceed to read this bookIn 2005 I bought a little book called Schopenhauer para Principiantes I was uite young and I'm not sure where I found his name I do remember the year because every time I buy a book I write the date on them; a little uirk I think it was during some period when I was obsessed with Hinduism and Buddhism and other aspects of the Eastern philosophy and religion Schopenhauer was heavily influenced by the UpanishadsAnyway I felt so close to his points of view I always thought I'd enjoy reading his books And I did I enjoyed reading this one most of the times I decided to mention what I didn't like first And then his other thoughts that truly emanate intelligence and creativity That should be the last thing to be readLet's start with those simple minded creatures whose only job is to have children and were born to be nurses and teachers Yes womenOne needs only to see the way she is built to realize that woman is not intended for great mental or for great physical labour She expiates the guilt of life not through activity but through suffering through the pains of childbirth caring for the child and subjection to the man to whom she should be a patient and cheering companion 49After reading that Schop certainly wasn't my favorite person in the world And that is just the beginning Do you think his misogynistic capabilities end therethey are childish silly and short sighted in a word big children The nobler and perfect a thing is the later and slowly does it mature The man attains the maturity of his reasoning powers and spiritual faculties hardly before his twenty eighth year; the woman with her eighteenth And even then it is only reasoning power of a sort a very limited sort 50Yes ignoble and imperfect ladies Women are portrayed as little human beings that make babies and never mature and have to hold on to their beauty and charm in order to get successful businessmen to support them okay I know a couple of those but do not generalize I beg you Just like all men aren't noble and perfect for god's sake It has been said that in his last years he had a favorable opinion about women Well I haven't seen the page No redemption for you on that subject my friendNext topic freedom of the press Or the permit to sell poison whatever you want to call it For what cannot be put into the heads of the ignorant and credulous masses – especially if you hold before them the prospect of gain and advantages And of what misdeeds is man not capable once something has been put into his head I very much fear therefore that the dangers of press freedom outweigh its usefulness especially where there are legal remedies available for all grievances In any event however freedom of the press should be conditional upon the strictest prohibition of any kind of anonymity 89And then he focused on what he considered the perfect form of government Yeah I wasn't particularly fond of all his views developed in the essay On law and politicsMoving on to the things I enjoyed reading First Hollingdale's introduction Thoroughly researched and well written He shared many facts of Schopenhauer's life and work and he managed to keep me interested He chose several essays and aphorisms from the second volume of Parerga and Paralipomena 1851 to shed some light on his amazing work and form an idea of his philosophySchopenhauer described brilliant ideas without using an extremely complicated language that only scholars would be able to understand The complexity of his thoughts and the way they are written simply outstanding It reminded me of my experience with Bertrand Russell while reading Why I Am Not a Christian and Other Essays on Religion and Related Subjects They have similar writing styles straightforward and kind of humorous at times Just the writing though Russell didn't think about S with great enthusiasm since he considered him basically a hypocrite because he didn't live according to what he preached I wouldn't knowThe first essay is about a main characteristic of Schopenhauer's philosophy Suffering We seem to be doomed to suffer And even if we wouldn't suffer we would long for itNot the least of the torments which plague our existence is the constant pressure of time which never lets us so much as draw breath but pursues us all like a taskmaster with a whipAnd yet if every desire were satisfied as soon as it arose how would men occupy their lives how would they pass the time 25If we wouldn't have misery in our world we would create it just to have something to worry about apparently There's a funny Utopia reference the land of More So he recommended us to see the world not as the perfect work of a superior being because first the world is full of misery; second we live in it Humans are considered highly developed beings but in fact they are not However think about it It couldn't be otherwise since we are here thanks to a punishment for a forbidden desire insert story of the Fall here All in all once you have accepted suffering you'll see it as something ordinary you won't be surprised because you will think of it as something normal Considering we have such a tragic origin and we are doomed to suffer we should conduct ourselves with some indulgence We must treat each other with tolerance patience forbearance and charity Everything has its silver lining The following chapter is about the vanity of existence which I found brilliant Every moment of our life belongs to the present only for a moment; then it belongs for ever to the past 31When I was younger I used to be haunted by that thought What is the present What is now this instant Merely a second Then it is all safe in the past The past is not last year; it is already when I wrote The past is not last year That hopeless feeling of needing time is universal He then continued sueezing and kicking my soul with his thoughts on the human life and our needs that are impossible to satisfyAs things are we take no pleasure in existence except when we are striving after something – in which case distance and difficulties make our goal look as if it would satisfy us an illusion which fades when we reach it – or when engaged in purely intellectual activity in which case we are really stepping out of life so as to regard it from outside like spectators at a play Whenever we are not involved in one or other of these things but directed back to existence itself we are overtaken by its worthlessness and vanity and this is the sensation called boredom 32There are other essays and aphorisms about religion philosophy ethics books and writing that ooze arrogance from time to time and introspection that are written with the same accessible language and express impressive—sometimes provocative—ideas We may not agree with a couple of them but we have to admit that this man was an endless source of creativity He expressed his ideas and backed them up with his own arguments and created a representation of the world that influenced many people He wasn't afraid of showing what he really thought about several subjects no matter how miserable and disturbing it all might be So here we are I am full of contradictions like any other person I loved him and disliked him with the same intensity at the same timeKant's fan Hegel's foe and one of the greatest most interesting and provocative philosophers I have read so farActual rating 35 4 stars Also on my blog