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Read doc Ë Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei ✓ Paperback ↠ Karl Marx ☆ A rousing call to arms whose influence is still felt todayOriginally published on the eve of the 1848 European revolutions The Communist Manifesto is a condensed and incisive account of the worldview Marx and EOf classic literature in the English speaking world With than 1700 titles Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors as well as up to date translations by award winning translato This tract by Marx and Engels is too enormous in implication to review fully in the small little space that GR allows so what I'll do for now is take extracts from it and comment on them piece by piecePer the Maifesto Abolition of the family Even the most radical flare up at this infamous proposal of the Communists On what foundation is the present family the bourgeois family based? On capital on private gain In its completely developed form this family exists only among the bourgeoisie But this state of things finds its complement in the practical absence of the family among the proletarians and in public prostitution The bourgeois family will vanish as a matter of course when its complement vanishes and both will vanish with the vanishing of capital Do you charge us with wanting to stop the exploitation of children by their parents? To this crime we plead guilty But you will say we destroy the most hallowed of relations when we replace home education by social And your education Is not that also social and determined by the social conditions under which you educate by the intervention direct or indirect of society by means of schools etc? The Communists have not invented the intervention of society in education; they do but seek to alter the character of that intervention and to rescue education from the influence of the ruling class The bourgeois clap trap about the family and education about the hallowed co relation of parent and child becomes all the disgusting the by the action of Modern Industry all family ties among the proletarians are torn asunder and their children transformed into simple articles of commerce and instruments of labour Marx and Engels are here addressing a snapshot in time of European history I don't have much knowledge of conditions during the industrial revolution in the rest of Europe but have researched the situation relatively extensively as it was in Britain as a background to a lot of criticism that was launched against the status uo by a lot of Victorian writers of fictionIn the feudal system labor did not remove laborers from their families at all in fact it rather strengthened family ties since most of what can be seen as the proletariat of feudal times were indebted laborers on the fiefdom of their feudal lordSo the only labor which compromised the family situation was the kind of labor done by men women and children in mines and factories during the industrial revolution from around 1750 to the early 1900's If you read up on reforms in Britain you will see that by about 1831 public outcries against child labor and the conditions that adults and children were made to work under in mines caused public commissions to be instituted by government which started a slow and gradual reform of conditions via legislation to the point that all kinds of laborers are pretty well protected and well represented at the present dayIronically the big bad fat cats these days are not the kind that deal with direct labor but rather the type who deal inwith secondary products like financial products and services By services we do not mean of the labour kind that Marx addressed Marx was addressing the kind of workers who were exploited in mines and factoriesNote that the industrial revolution although it started off bringing such untold misery to so many also had the following effect average income and population began to exhibit unprecedented sustained growth In the two centuries following 1800 the world's average per capita income increased over tenfold while the world's population increased over sixfold Finally it was within the grasp of those born outside of nobility to make a decent living for themselves A lot of workplace reform has taken place since the IR started and not through rabble rousers like Marx but because people with a conscience raised their voices and cried out against the injustices being done by capitalists against fellow human beings Authors like Charles Dickens for instance and Victor Hugo helped to encourage the privileged to look upon their less fortunate brethren with greater sympathy and to call for social reform in the name of conscienceso Karl Marx is being a great opportunist here At a time when history and society is in great flux and inner revolution when a new era is dawning and social conscience still needs to become cognizant of the suffering of some of the members of society Karl Marx exploits the situation ironically by making use of the exploitation by one element of society of anotherIt is the poor and the ignorant that is being exploited and Karl Marx exploits their helplessness ignorance and gullibility to shout for revolution instead of evolution Marx and Engels call for violence where no violence is necessary because peaceful change was already taking place in any casePer the manifesto But you Communists would introduce community of women screams the whole bourgeoisie in chorus The bourgeois sees in his wife a mere instrument of production He hears that the instruments of production are to be exploited in common and naturally can come to no other conclusion than that the lot of being common to all will likewise fall to the women He has not even a suspicion that the real point is to do away with the status of women as mere instruments of production For the rest nothing is ridiculous than the virtuous indignation of our bourgeois at the community of women which they pretend is to be openly and officially established by the Communists The Communists have no need to introduce community of women; it has existed almost from time immemorial Our bourgeois not content with having the wives and daughters of their proletarians at their disposal not to speak of common prostitutes take the greatest pleasure in seducing each other's wives Bourgeois marriage is in reality a system of wives in common and thus at the most what the Communists might possibly be reproached with is that they desire to introduce in substitution for a hypocritically concealed an openly legalised community of women For the rest it is self evident that the abolition of the present system of production must bring with it the abolition of the community of women springing from that system ie of prostitution both public and privateThe implication is obvious According to the authors the implication is that marriage is a bourgeois patriarchal institution for the exploitation of women a form of prostitution You would think that anybody who is even in the slightest familiar with history would be able to see immediately how fallacious and false such an accusation is since marriage is a social institution that evolved gradually over many centuries but has always been something that protected rather than exploited women Remember for centuries and centuries women had no recourse save sexual abstinence for which the best path was to become a nun against falling pregnant Women had exactly three choices Be a prostitute be a nun or have the protection of marriage where you could at least have the privilege of raising your children in a protected environment and in which the father of the child had the responsibility to care for the children and their mother on a material levelIt is only through birth control which we at last have 99% effective technology for that woman is emancipated from the hearth and can take her place next to males as a fully economically productive partner since she doesn't have to be tied down in a perpetual cycle of pregnancy childbirth and nursing anyThis has nothing to do with the bourgeoisie except that it was people out of the horrible terrible ranks of those dastardly bourgeoisie that modern medicine was developed modern medicine which keeps child and maternal mortality at bay has brought better health to people of all walks and stations in life and has given us the technology to be able to choose when we do or don't have children except if you let The Pope tell you of courseI have an overwhelming feeling that Marx was simply exploiting women's emancipation movements to gain supporters for Communism when he says the following He has not even a suspicion that the real point is to do away with the status of women as mere instruments of production Yes women were being marginalized but by the fact that we were excluded from property holding rights something Marx scorns in any case and from having an eual right to vote something else which he scorns tooLet's analyze this carefullyHow are bourgeois males exploiting women by marrying them?by having sex with them and expecting of them to have children?but it is usually women who want children in the first place Certainly in feudal times children sons were deemed an essential item for males to acuire in order to continue the family line but since the human species would discontinue should women stop having children calling it an exploitation of women by men sounds like a rather strange roundabout way of putting thingsCertainly in the time that capitalism has steadfastly taken root children have become really of a liability financially speaking than a prizeand calling a married woman of a prostitute than an unmarried woman would be who will still be used for sex just this time by the entire mob instead of her husband unless the married woman decides to swing which will be HER decision to cuckold her husband unless they both agree to swing just sounds a bit crazyIn fact if you think about it it is Marx who is making the implication that women are mere objects property to be owned like cows or camels by suggesting that they will be seen as fair game community of women as he puts it having a similar meaning to community of property under Communist ruleI just can't help finding his attitude massively patronizing and insulting both towards men and women as much as I decry the patriarchy of the past because Marx himself is speaking with the very voice of patriarchy and sexism that he supposedly decries He speaks their language the language of the white supremacist patriarchal 'master'Also from the manifesto The education of all childrenfrom the moment that they can get along without a mother's care shall be in state institutions at state expense and our children must be taken away from us and brought up in some state institution See Communist Party Education Workers Congress Communist uotes We must create out of the younger generation a generation of Communists We must turn children who can be shaped like wax into real good Communists We must remove the children from the crude influence of their families We must take them over and to speak frankly nationalize them From the first days of their lives they will be under the healthy influence of Communist children's nurseries and schools There they will grow up to be real CommunistsIt is generally accepted knowledge that institutionalized care away from any sort of notion of family is psychologically unhealthy for childrenSee Marx wants to pull down the very fabric of society to the point of removing even the notion of family to remove from children the prerogative of having your own mother and father of having brothers and sisters and instead humans must become cogs in the wheel of Communism mindless automatons who have no individuality no sense of selfNo thanks I don't buy into the hive mind insect think This review is a work in progress so to follow soonEDIT Dear reader if you feel you need to comment please take the time to read the discussion thread below first these issues and even regarding Marxism Communism etc are discussed EXTENSIVELY in the comment thread below and I fear that comments are starting to become repetitive with clear indications that commentors are not bothering to check if their arguments might already have been discussed a few times over Unfortunately all that is discussed cannot be worked into the review itself since GR limits review space and this is a HUGE subjectI'd also like to mention that I am absolutely to a large extent a fan of Socialism in general and a great fan of the Scandinavian mixed system What I am criticizing in this review is specifically this document 'The Communist Manifesto' and not Socialism itselfI promise to make time soon to work of the discussions into the review itself but some very well read and intelligent Marxian apologists have commented so it might be worth your time to read the discussions in any caseThanks

Karl Marx µ Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei book

M is exploitive and antithetical to freedomThis new edition includes an extensive introduction by Gareth Stedman Jones Britain's leading expert on Marx and Marxism providing a complete course for students of The Communist Manifesto and demonstrating not only the historical importance of the text but also its place in the world todayFor than seventy years Penguin has been the leading publisher I finally read this even though someone gave it to me forever ago I think the ideas are interesting but I think this functions into explaining communist ideology in that historical period and for explaining the positioning in regards to other groups I would rather read about the idea of history as class struggle but expanded upon which seems like it could be an interesting framework or the themes of the inherent instability of capitalism that was being argued for I don't think I have the capacity to read Capital right now though I also read this because someone told me if I didn't read it I wouldn't understand Marx's ideas but I'm pretty sure I had the grasp of them without this and this just supports my hypothesis that really I should never have to read source materials when I can just read summaries

kindle é Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei µ Karl Marx

Manifest der Kommunistischen ParteiA rousing call to arms whose influence is still felt todayOriginally published on the eve of the 1848 European revolutions The Communist Manifesto is a condensed and incisive account of the worldview Marx and Engels developed during their hectic intellectual and political collaboration Formulating the principles of dialectical materialism they believed that labor creates wealth hence capitalis Communism doesn’t work Its ideals are perfectly understandable justifiable even but the way it seeks to attain them that’s just terrible In reality communist policy falls apart or isn’t fully followed The driving force is to achieve a classless rather than class based society Sounds good on paper doesn’t it? But in order to achieve such a thing the manifesto proposes a revolution that will wipe out private property This is than following the march of history Mankind has seen countless revolutions that have failed The Bourgeois ruling class is replaced by the Proletariats working class which then go on to form a new ruling class The difference with communism and why it will apparently succeed is that the new rising class will destroy ownership; thus the cycle has been broken there will no longer be any class divides But what’s left? A power vacuum and a new means to create wealth and ownership? Then surely the system just begins anew Surely people just belong to the government even so than before Then there’s the total lack of proof There are huge statements in this huge sweeping statements that suggest that worldwide communism will end all wars Isn’t that slightly naïve? What’s to stop two opposing communist nations fighting over natural resources or land? Nothing Communism isn’t the answer to the world’s problems And besides the manifesto initially advocates war to create a temporary class What kind of political party overtly advocates war death and human suffering? It speaks of blood spilt over the ages wasted blood and then goes on to propose the shedding of Isn’t this just a little hypocritical? Sure some extremists may deem that a necessary cost but it’s just another form of corruption Communism opposes the capitalist world on the idea that wealth is concentrated in the upper reaches of society That’s true Capitalism obviously has many flaws but that’s beside the point Communist rulers seek to grasp that wealth for the “good” of their people What do they then do with it? They wage war covertly or overtly on the capitalist world and watch as their people starve But that doesn’t matter right? As long as communism spreadsThis is a most interesting read And whist I obviously take issue with the politics I’m glad I read it This is a product of history one that should be read and understood by all Penguin Little Black Classic 20 The Little Black Classic Collection by penguin looks like it contains lots of hidden gems I couldn’t help it; they looked so good that I went and bought them all I shall post a short review after reading each one No doubt it will take me several months to get through all of them Hopefully I will find some classic authors from across the ages that I may not have come across had I not bought this collection