The Gladiators kindle ☆ 320 pages Download

doc The Gladiators

The Gladiators kindle ☆ 320 pages Download ↠ Arthur Koestler's first novel set in the late Roman Republic tells the story of the revolt of Spartacus and man's search for Utopia The first of three novels concerned with the 'ethics of revolution' it addresses the age old debate of whether the end justifies the means an argument continuArthur Koestler's first novel set in the late Roman Republic tells the story of the revolt of Spartacus and man's searc From Orwell's As I Please 28 July 1944 I have just been reading Arthur Koestler’s novel The Gladiators which describes the slave rebellion under Spartacus about 70 BC It is not one of his best books and in any case any novel describing a slave rebellion in antiuity suffers by having to stand comparison with Salammbô Flaubert’s great novel about the revolt of the Carthaginian mercenaries But it reminded me of how tiny is the number of slaves of whom anything whatever is known I myself know the names of just three slaves—Spartacus himself the fabulous Aesop who is supposed to have been a slave and the philosopher Epictetus who was one of those learned slaves whom the Roman plutocrats liked to have among their retinue All the others are not even names We don’t for instance—or at least I don’t—know the name of a single one of the myriads of human beings who built the pyramids Spartacus I suppose is much the most widely known slave there ever was For five thousand years or civilization rested upon slavery Yet when even so much as the name of a slave survives it is because he did not obey the injunction ‘resist not evil’ but raised violent rebellion I think there is a moral in this for pacifists

Arthur Koestler ☆ The Gladiators kindle

H for Utopia The first of three novels concerned with the 'ethics of revolution' it addresses the age old debate of whe I’m Spartacus No I’m Spartacus This is not the Spartacus that Kubrick and Douglas prepared you forPublished in 1930 The Gladiators is the first of a trilogy by Hungarian author and journalist Arthur Koestler that deals with the ethics of revolution Using Spartacus’s revolt against the Roman Republic around 65BC this novel explores idealism through the lens of 20th Century Europe just as it is about to collapse into another World War Democracy and Communism Capitalism and Marxism Status uo and Revolution Koestler was less interested in portraying an accurate historical account than he was at using this moment in history to explore modern times Koestler was a man at odds with himself and he demonstrates this in his storytelling At the time of this novel the author was still a member of the Communist Party A typical proletarian novel would praise the revolution and raise the masses to heroic levels as a type of self serving embrace of the movement Yet Koestler opts to use Spartacus as a foil for the failure of that mass movement His Sun State was meant to be a brotherhood – a utopian paradise It is an orderly world where needs are met and work for all exists but eventually dissenters force Spartacus to begin ruling with a harsher hand As an idealist Spartacus struggled with trying to maintain his vision of a Sun States versus allowing people to determine their own destinies regardless if the results were self destructive In the end he allowed those around him to make the decisions that would lead to internecine among his followers and their executions at the hands of the Romans Koestler was at a crossroads He still embraced Marxism as a philosophy but struggled with how the system would attain universal appeal At its core this novel explores his disappointment with revolutionary failure Koestler debated whether the actual loss of life could be justified by an abstract ideal A Lenin or a Stalin would not find an issue in this debate but Koestler’s Spartacus certainly did By 1938 Koestler left the Communist Party Sure enough it was because Stalin had finally disillusioned him and gave flesh to his greatest fears Koestler could never embrace Totalitarianism as a “means to an end” – even if that end was a utopian brotherhood The Gladiators is less a story about historical Spartacus than it is about Koestler himself And this couldn't be apropos In a life dramatic than fiction Koestler’s War Years would keep him busy denounced by former Communist colleagues chased around Europe by Nazis joining the French Foreign Legion deserting when he arrived in Northern Africa jailed in England for arriving without a permit and eventually working with the British Ministry of Information writing propaganda During this tumultuous time he even found time to write the next two novels in the trilogy as he continued to struggle with the values of idealism Clearly this review is less about Spartacus and about Koestler because he is the actual context of the storyHighly recommended for students of 20th century political philosophy maybe less so for those wanting a historical fiction novel about ancient Rome

doc ´ The Gladiators ☆ Arthur Koestler

The GladiatorsTher the end justifies the means an argument continued in his classic novels Darkness at Noon and Arrival and Departure I love Koestler's work especially when viewed as a whole Less a book about Spartacus and about idealism and revolution I felt it was well crafted and poignant Viewing the revolutions of old through the lens of the author's period is uite telling about human endeavor and what comes of the best intentions