The Story of Human Language Download ¹ 2

Summary The Story of Human Language

The Story of Human Language Download ¹ 2 ✓ I never met a person who is not interested in language wrote the bestselling author and psychologist Steven Pinker There are good reasons that language fascinates us so It not only defines humans as a species placing us head and shoulders above even the most proficient animal communicators but it000 languages used around the world todayAn accomplished scholar Professor McWhorter is also a skilled popularizer whose book The Power of Babel was called startling provocative and remarkably entertaining by the San Diego Union TribuneThe London Times called him a born teacher And Steven Pinker best known as the author of The Language Instinct offered this praise for the book McWhorter’s arguments are sharply reasoned refreshingly honest and thoroughly originalCourse Lecture Titles1 What Is Language 2 When Language Began 3 How Language Changes Sound Change 4 How Language Changes Building New Material 5 How Language Changes Meaning and Order 6 How Language Changes Many Directions 7 How Language Changes Modern English 8 Language Families Indo European 9 Language Families Tracing Indo European 10 Language Families Diversity of Structures 11 Language Families Clues to the Past 1. An interesting overview of the language development passing throw the world’s first language dialects language mixture pidgins and creoles Overall the content is engagingly exposedHowever John McWhorter loses himself in speculative and denigrating details towards some cultures That lead to indicate that probably the research work behind the course might be lacking a revision

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I never met a person who is not interested in language wrote the bestselling author and psychologist Steven Pinker There are good reasons that language fascinates us so It not only defines humans as a species placing us head and shoulders above even the most proficient animal communicators but it also beguiles us with its endless mysteries For example How did different languages come to be Why isn’t there just a single language How does a language change and when it does is that change indicative of decay or growth How does a language become extinct Dr John McWhorter one of America’s leading linguists and a freuent commentator on network television and National Public Radio addresses these and other uestions as he takes you on an in depth 36 lecture tour of the development of human language showing how a single tongue spoken 150000 years ago has evolved into the estimated 6. Human language is a fascinating subject We don't appreciate how complex language speaking skills are until we try to learn a new language as adults It's one thing that children can do better than adults Brain studies suggest that human brains are uniuely programmed to use language and children's brains are uniuely adept at learning languages This adeptness is lost as we ageThe Story of Human Language by John McWhorter is a collection of thirty six lectures on the history and study of human languages It includes some discussion of the tools used by linguists However I see that there's a whole separate set of lectures on Understanding Linguistics The Science of Language I haven't listened to this other set of lectures so I'm not sure how they differ Presumably these lectures Story of Human Language has focus on history and less emphasis on the technical aspects of linguisticsSome things I've learned that I find interesting1 Differences in languages can be used much like gene technology to track prehistoric movements of humans Changes in languages occur uickly than changes in human genes so whereas genes may be used to indicate humans migrations over a span of 100000 years language can indicate movements over the past 10000 years2 Ninety nine percent of the words in the Oxford Dictionary of the English Language are from sources other than Old English However Sixty five percent of the commonly used words are part of the one percent that comes from Old English3 The most complex and difficult languages are spoken in areas that are isolated from exposure to other languages In other words primitive peoples sometimes have very complex languages Languages can become complex when everybody who speaks the language learned it as a child4 More widely spoken languages that need to be learned by adult speakers of other languages tend to become simplified over time5 Languages tend to either 1 have prefixes and case endings or 2 be tonal They seldom have both But there are exceptions6 The majority of the world's languages do not have definite and indefinite articles ie a an the Speakers of European languages can't believe it to be possible to speak without them7 The majority of the world's population including much of Europe speak a different dialect ie local vernacular of their language at home than what is taught in their schools or used in official government business This phenomenon is called diglossia Americans are uniue in having relatively little diglossia8 We can thank the influence of the invading Norsemen of the 9th century for the fact that English is the only European language that doesn't have gender markers for inanimate objects Thank you Norsemen Other invaders who didn't learn Old English well were probably responsible for the simplified verb conjugations in English Thank you other invaders9 Non phonetic English word spellings are a remnant of an earlier time when they were phonetic Unfortunately word spellings change slowly than the spoken language The development of printing has essentially fossilized spelling conventions Thank goodness for computerized spell check

John McWhorter Ü 2 Review

The Story of Human Language2 The Case Against the World’s First Language 13 The Case For the World’s First Language 14 Dialects Subspecies of Species 15 Dialects Where Do You Draw the Line 16 Dialects Two Tongues in One Mouth 17 Dialects The Standard as Token of the Past 18 Dialects Spoken Style Written Style 19 Dialects The Fallacy of Blackboard Grammar 20 Language Mixture Words 21 Language Mixture Grammar 22 Language Mixture Language Areas 23 Language Develops Beyond the Call of Duty 24 Language Interrupted 25 A New Perspective on the Story of English 26 Does Culture Drive Language Change 27 Language Starts Over Pidgins 28 Language Starts Over Creoles I 29 Language Starts Over Creoles II 30 Language Starts Over Signs of the New 31 Language Starts Over The Creole Continuum 32 What Is Black English 33 Language Death The Problem 34 Language Death Prognosis 35 Artificial Languages 36 Finale Master Clas. The lecturer made a lot of jokes Some of them were funny some not and some were outright insulting Let's start with some obvious ones Please don't make jokes about slavery That is not okay And use words like negro only if you have a direct historical uote or historical instance you are referring to This was also way too long and repetitive The same things were told over and over again And even though I am not a linguist and I only listen to these because I have boring hobbies I could still find several mistakes Mostly considering Finnish and Scandinavian languages since those happen to be the ones I'm most familiar with The lecturer also said that it is not possible to have a language that would have seven vowels in same word because it would make only aioaioaaee noise But we actually do have at least one hääyöaie It is not widely used a curiosity but it still makes perfect sense if you speak FinnishConsidering this book drove me nuts and I don't even know that much about linguistics I would imagine listening this would make a painful experience for anyone who is familiar with the subject