Review ´ Black Flags The Rise of ISIS ✓ eBook ePUB or Kindle PDF

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Black Flags The Rise of ISISPulitzer Prize winning reporter Joby Warrick reveals how the strain of militant Islam now raising its banner across Ira and Syria spread from a remote Jordanian prison with the unwitting aid of American military intervention     When he succeeded his father in 1999 King Abdullah of Jordan released a batch of political prisoners in the hopes of smoothing his transition to power Little did he know that among those released was Abu Musab al Zarawi a man who would go on to become a terrorist mastermind too dangerous even for al aeda and give rise to an Islamist movement bent on dominating the Middle East ?. Editing my number of stars in light of Patrick Cockburn's The Jihadis Return ISIS and the New Sunni Uprising only discovered after the comment thread on this review I cannot recall Warrick even mentioning Saudi or Pakistani involvement either in the ISIS movement beginning after the US invasion of Ira on which he spent an enormous amount of our time or after Zarawi was killed in 2006 He said nothing significantly different from newspaper reporting in the US the past 15 years though he gave enormous credit to the CIA whose analysis by the way he did not share with us except in an impressionistic wayI was already familiar with what the newspapers had reported and found his account rehashed old ground Cockburn's analysis on the other hand rips open ME politics and exposes US blunders and resultant difficulties The information I was getting in newspapers about ISIS in Syria confused me which is why I needed something in depth This book probably is not going to answer your uestions I am furious that we don't have the kind of journalism about the Middle East that they apparently have in Europe Perhaps our journalists are trying too hard to protect their government sources and American business interests Can it beI leave this at three stars simply because I would never have gotten to nor understood as well Cockburn's far better material without slogging through Warrick's introductory material and discussing it with others Warrick undoubtedly knows Cockburn Why the heck couldn't he have included and credited some of Cockburn's information in his analysis Warrick bookends his narrative nonfiction describing the origins of ISIS Islamic State in Ira and Syria with the story of the failed suicide bomber Sajida al Rishawi who was executed in Jordan just this year shortly after ISIS put to death by burning the downed Jordanian air pilot First Lieutenant Muadh al Kasasbeh in Syria in January This bookending is entirely appropriate for it links the Jordanian thug turned radical Abu Musad al Zarawi leader of al aeda in Ira AI with the later leader of ISIS Irai Islamic scholar Abu Bakr al Baghdadi Just this week Oct 2015 we learned that al Baghdadi was targeted in an air strike as he convoyed to a meeting of senior ISIS leaders in western Ira It is not known if he has been wounded or killedI would be happy never to hear or read the name Zarawi again but here he is in the pages of this book Abu Musad al Zarawi was the Jordanian national who created and led AI during the Ira War He gained credibility and became a household name the world over when American forces labelled him a threat in 2003 just before the American invasion of Ira Warrick carefully traces the path of Zarawi’s radicalism beginning while he was in a Jordanian jail from 1993 99 through his contact with and split from Osama bin Laden’s al aeda organization through to his death in by American airstrike in 2006 After his death his organization which had attracted many followers amongst the Sunni minority in Ira lost its thrust and seemed on the point of disintegration The American withdrawal from Ira gave the remnants of Zarawi’s group freedom to operate They continued to consolidate now with Abu Bakr al Baghdadi gradually rising to third in the leadership in charge of Sharia law by 2010 In 2010 an airstrike took out the other two top leaders leaving Baghdadi to step into the vacuum and impose his own vision on the men under his command He announced ISIS involvement in Syria in 2011 with a carefully shot and edited uarter hour video heralded on Islamic websites for days before its release Warrick shows us how the radical insurgent movement could have begun given impetus through a combination of American bombs and Arab prisons Western ideology and invasion is an undeniable spur to Islamists of any sort who resist any foreign influence and incursion into their lands whether or not bombing was meant to help Warrick adds Arab jails because this is where Zarawi got his instruction and indoctrination Inmates were segregated by creed and the Islamists lived by Sharia law Jails became in effect jihadi universities which helped extremists inculcate moderates and fueled the insurgency inside the wire Like Arab jails the American military system of corralling all insurgents together as “bad guys” was “dysfunctional and counterproductive” in Warrick’s opinion Baghdadi survived and thrived in prison He was picked up in a sweep in early 2004 and sent to the American administered jail called Camp Bucca His academic expertise as a conservative educated religious scholar gave him stature He both taught and spoke classical Arabic and led religious prayers When he was released in 2004 after ten months in prison he finished earning his doctorate in Islamic studies and gravitated to the militants operating outside the major cities By 2010 he was third in the leadership of radicals in charge of Sharia law and when an American airstrike took out two of the top leaders in late 2010 al Baghdadi stepped upNow ISIS has Sunni Shia as well as Western governments and Russia all seeking their demise One reason is that the predominantly Sunni ISIS organization burned the Jordanian Sunni air pilot flying over Syria rather than behead him Death by burning is something forbidden in the Koran—a retribution something only Allah can presume There must be a rea

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Review ´ Black Flags The Rise of ISIS ✓ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF ´ Pulitzer Prize winning reporter Joby Warrick reveals how the strain of militant Islam now raising its banner across Ira and Syria spread from a remote Jordanian prison with the unwitting aid of American military intervention     W   But his movement endured first called al aeda in Ira then renamed Islamic State of Ira and Syria or ISIS seeking refuge in unstable ungoverned pockets on the Ira Syria border And as the Syrian civil war broke out in 2011 ISIS seized its chance to pursue Zarawi's dream of a sweeping ultra conservative Islamic caliphate      Drawing on uniue access to CIA and Jordanian sources Joby Warrick weaves together heart pounding moment by moment operational details with overarching historical perspectives to reveal the long trajectory of today's most dangerous Islamic extremist threat From the Hardcover editi. This book describes the rise of ISIS It is in three seuential parts The first is the background of Abu Musab al Zarawi who was born in Jordan At first he was just a common thug and not religious He was arrested and in prison fell under the spell of Islam and became radicalized He was released as part of a prisoner exchange something that happens with regularity in the Middle EastFrom there he journeyed to Ira – this becomes the second part of the book During the US led invasion of Ira he became the leader of al aeda in Ira Zarawi became a very adept organizer – and carried out violent terrorist activities in both Ira and Jordan you have only to read of the tragic fate of Nick Berg to see how personally sadistic Zarawi could be We also learn much in this book of the intelligence networks of both Jordan and US CIA – and how they tracked down terrorist groups It also appears that the people terrorists they kill in the Middle East the terrorists they createThe focus on intelligence groups and there methodology of information gathering was a fault I found in the book in that we are getting a view from the outside We are not provided with much insight into the recruitment methods of ISIS – except that they are very good at internet advertising It is still a big uestion mark as to how their very violent methods very visible on YouTube but I would never look at this are an allure to young men and some young women the world overThe third part is about Abu Bakr al Baghdadi who eventually attained the helm of ISIS in Ira Syria after the US succeeded in killing Zarawi He is attempting to establish a caliphate a pure Islamic society not only there but across the world He is different from bin Laden who was looking to the future; Baghdadi is putting into place an Islamic caliphate now in his occupied areas Baghdadi is also of a different stripe than Zarawi he is a student of the Koran and uses it to justify the violence acts and extreme misogyny that is occurring across ISIS held territory This is a depressing book particularly when one reads of the vast private donations of money page 268 69 that have poured into Bagdadi’s caliphate from Saudi Arabia Kuwait United Arab Emirates It is evident too that this would never have developed without the US invasion of Ira which took power away from a dictator leaving nothing but a vacuum in which tribal and religious hatreds Sunni Shiite Kurds are now bent on destroying each other with the victors expanding into adjacent territory For the caliphate death and destruction are justified by citing ancient religious texts interpreted by men who want to return to a life of hundreds of years past

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?   Zarawi began by directing hotel bombings and assassinations in Jordan from a base in northern Ira but it was the American invasion of that country in 2003 that catapulted him to the head of a vast insurgency By identifying him as the link between Saddam and bin Laden the CIA inadvertently created a monster Like minded radicals saw him as a hero resisting the infidel occupiers and rallied to his cause Their wave of brutal beheadings and suicide bombings continued for years until Jordanian intelligence provided the Americans with the crucial intelligence needed to eliminate Zarawi in a 2006 airstrike  . If you are a general reader and want to read one book on the origin of ISIS look no further In telling the story through individuals the book contrasts to others like ISIS The State of Terror or Inside Syria The Backstory of Their Civil War and What the World Can Expect that are thorough and focus on politics and policies Joby Warrick’s approach focusing on the key personnel holds your attention throughout This book is heavy on the founder Abu Musab Zarawi and its beginnings as part of Al aeda where the others focus on the group as “ISIS” filling the power vacuum in SyriaZarawi is shown through the lens of Jordan’s security agency Mukhabarat and Nada Bakos his “targeter” for the US You see him imprisoned for crimes and terrorist activities He is interrogated often by Mukhabarat The chaos in Ira was a perfect opportunity for him but his first operations were directed at Jordan the Embassy in Ira the foiled bombing of Mukhabarat the wedding in Amman and the UN While there were leadership changes you come to understand the significance of the 2015 capture of Jordan’s pilotJordan’s King Abdullah is shown to have great courage and foresight He has kept his country free of training camps and “Arab Springs” He and Mukhabarat not only helped to foil the Millennium Plot you read of how they stopped a large bombing plan for Amman and how they interrogate effectively You also appreciate the work of Gen Stanley McCrystalThere is a lot on ISIS as a Sunni organization showing how its hatred of the Shia euals that of its hatred of the infidel The relationship of this group and al aeda is clearly shown through excerpts of letters from its highest leadershipBesides Zarawi and King Abdullah there are good portraits of Abu Mohammad Madisi Islamic scholar who tutored Zarawi in prison Robert Ford State Dept employee who served for at time as Ambassador to Syria and Abu Bakr al Baghdadi current ISIS leader and others such as Zaydan a tribal leader Warrick doesn’t drop them he follows them through each phase up to the presentThe Epilogue offers some hope It covers the reaction to the torture specifically the burning of the body of the Jordanian pilot Murah al Kasasbeh It outraged even the Wahabi “Burning is an abominable crime rejected by Islamic law”; “Only god punishes by fire” At al Azhar in Cairo the grand imam expelled clerics who advocated violence Egyptian’s president General Abdel Fattah el Sisi was applauded by al Azhar’s clerics when he called for a rethinking of “ideas sanctified over the course of centuries to the point that challenging them becomes very difficult” and called on the grand imam to “revolutionize our religion” pp 311 312 The book begins with a who’s who list but the text is so clear you don’t need it There are photos of most key players The index worked for me but again text is so clear I hardly needed it This book is a real find for a lay person Stripped of the details of treaties conferences and position papers and loaded with human interest you see this organization and how it grew